Published in 미분류.
The emotional and expressive qualities of music came to take precedence over tradition. However, in the 20th and early 21st century, as “common practice” Western art music performance became institutionalized in symphony orchestras, opera houses and ballets, improvisation has played a smaller role, as more and more music was notated in scores and parts for musicians to play.
The Rigveda has elements of present Indian music, with a musical notation to denote the metre and the mode of chanting. Although a musical composition often uses musical notation and has a single author, this is not always the case.
Both the simple folk song and the complex electronic composition belong to the same activity, music. The music that composers and songwriters make can be heard through several media; the most traditional way is to hear it live, in the presence of the musicians , in an outdoor or indoor space such as an amphitheatre, concert hall, cabaret room, theatre, pub, or coffeehouse.
Alongside these traditions of sacred and church music there existed a vibrant tradition of secular song (non-religious songs). To give another example, while some art music pieces, such as symphonies are very long, some pop songs are just a few minutes long. In the early 20th century, Tin Pan Alley songs and Broadway musical songs were often in AABA 32 bar form, in which the A sections repeated the same eight bar melody and the B section provided a contrasting melody or harmony for eight bars.
A more commonly known example of chance-based music is the sound of wind chimes jingling in a breeze. Indeed, “noise” itself and silence became elements in composition, and random sounds were used by composers, such as the American John Cage, and others in works having aleatory or impromptu features.
In classical music, a musical work is written in music notation by a composer and then it is performed once the composer is satisfied with its structure and instrumentation. In classical music, instrumental performers, singers or conductors may gradually make changes to the phrasing or tempo of a piece. While Romantic era classical music from the mid- to late-1800s makes great use of dramatic changes of dynamics, from whispering pianissimo sections to thunderous fortissimo sections, some entire Baroque dance suites for harpsichord from the early 1700s may use a single dynamic.